Created with Lunacy

Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Colchester Borough Council is monitoring the situation closely and will continue to take action to minimise disruption and keep residents and visitors safe. 

Coronavirus: updates, advice and guidance

Key Statistics for Colchester

Key statistics for Colchester collated from the latest Census data


  • What the size of the population is
  • A profile of people living in Colchester
  • Deprivation - The Indices of Multiple Deprivation
  • Other factors such as Health, Crime and Housing

The borough of Colchester is situated in the north east of Essex, is approximately 60 miles from London and covers an area of approximately 125 square miles. The main town is Colchester but there are many surrounding small towns and villages of which the largest are Stanway, Tiptree, West Mersea and Wivenhoe. The countryside areas of the borough are mainly used for agriculture.

Colchester has a rich and vast heritage - as Camulodonum, it was the first capital of England and it is also Britain's oldest recorded town. The borough houses a large university of approximately 8,000 students and is also home to a garrison with capacity for approximately 4,000 military personnel.

Population Mid 2018

  • In mid-2018 Colchester’s population was estimated to stand at 192,523.
  • This is an increase of 1.3% (2,425 people) between mid-2017 and mid-2018.
  • In mid-2018 approximately 123,193 individuals were aged 16-64, equating to 64% of the total population.
  • An estimated 33,169 people in Colchester were 65+ in mid-2018 accounting for an estimated 17.2% of the population.

Census 2011

The first release of Census data was released on the 16 July 2012.  This contained population and household information.  Census day was 27 March 2011.  

  • On Census day the population of Colchester was estimated at  173,100
  • The estimated number of households across the borough was 71,600 on Census day
  • 16.7% of respondents in Colchester filled in their Census returns online.
  • The overall response rate in Colchester was 94.2%.
  • On Census day the resident population of Colchester was estimated at  173,100

Please go to our dedicated Census Page to find out more!

A profile of people living in Colchester

You can find a profile of Colchester. It paints a broad picture including data on population trends, lifestyles, health, education, inequalities, economy, transport and housing.

This portrait of the local authority area is one of a series of profiles for each of the districts and boroughs in Essex shown on the JSNA District Strategic Reports page of Essex Insight -

The series forms part of the Essex Joint Strategic Needs Assessment which is intended to provide the evidence base for all commissioning across the county.

Deprivation - The Indices of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) 2019

  • Deprivation is measured using the IMD 2019
  • The higher the IMD 2019 score or rank is the more deprived an area is.
  • Colchester Is ranked 5th in Essex on average score for IMD.
  • Colchester has one LSOA in the top 10% of most deprived in the country found in the ward of Greenstead.
  • The least levels of deprivation are in Bergholt in Lexden and Braiswick, Drury in New Town and Christ Church, and Layer in Marks Tey and Layer.

Full Colchester Report


Key areas of concern are:

  • Smoking during pregnancy;
  • Statutory Homelessness
  • Excess Winter Deaths

Please follow this link to access the 2013 Health Profile for Colchester.


  • Between August 2018 and July 2019 23,268 crimes were recorded in the Colchester borough.
  • Anti-Social Behaviour, Bicycle Theft, Burglary, Criminal Damage and Arson made up the highest proportion of recorded offences.

Have a look at the Police UK Crime Map for more detail.


  • 1,048 homes were built between 1 April 2017 and 31 March 2018.
  • 132 units of affordable housing were completed between April 2017 and March 2018.

Have a look at the Authority Monitoring Reports for more detail.


  • In April 2018-March 2019 approximately 76.3% of the working age population were in employment.
  • In 2018 approximately 5.7% of working age Colchester residents had no qualifications.
  • In July 2019 1.9% of individuals aged 16-64 were claiming Universal Credit (including Job Seekers Allowance).

See Nomis for more information.